The Department of Chemistry at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign has a rich history that can be traced back to the founding of the University in 1867, then known as the Illinois Industrial University. Chemistry was one of the first six departments listed in the original 1867 blueprint for the university's organization, and the first professor of chemistry was hired in 1868, around the same time Dmitri Mendeleev published his first version of the periodic table in 1869.
Over its more-than 150-year history, the Department of Chemistry has expanded from a basement lab to four buildings, been the site of some of the most important chemical breakthroughs of the last century and has counted eleven Nobel Prize winners among its faculty, fellows, and alumni.
A four-year course of study in chemistry was established in 1868 and the first PhD in chemistry was awarded in 1903. By the 1920s, the department was one of the largest in the United States in terms of facilities, faculty, and degrees granted. By the end of the twentieth century, more than 3,400 doctoral degrees had been awarded, making the Department the premier PhD-producing chemistry program in the United States.
In 1970, the Board of Trustees approved a motion to change the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering into the School of Chemical Sciences, with three new departments: Biochemistry, Chemistry, and Chemical Engineering
In 2000, the Department of Biochemistry left the School of Chemical Sciences and joined the newly formed School of Molecular and Cellular Biology (MCB), and in 2002, the Department of Chemical Engineering became the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, reflecting the growing influence of genetic and biological research in the field of chemical engineering.
In 2017, the Department of Chemistry hosted, along with the School of Chemical Sciences and Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, a Sesquicentennial Celebration on Oct. 6-7, 2017.
Notable historic figures, stories, documents
- Nobel Prize Winners | Chemistry at Illinois
- William Albert Noyes, Head of the Chemistry Department (1907-1926)
- History of Noyes Lab (American Chemical Society)
- St. Elmo Brady, first African American to earn a PhD in chemistry in the U.S.
- Carlos Montezuma, first Native American alumnus of the University of Illinois
- Ruth Eliza Okey, first woman in the Department to earn a PhD
- Documents, Speeches, and Recollections